The paper was created under the direction of Professor Boris Otto, Director at Fraunhofer ISST.
The Management Summary of this paper states the following:
This position paper demonstrates how elements of the International Data Spaces Reference Architecture Model fit to the GAIA-X principles and architecture elements described in the Technical Architecture whitepaper. The view is based on the June 2020 documents, which are the latest technical documents available. Also, recent architectural decisions are considered, which both cover together the areas of digital identities, certification, self-description, usage control as well as interoperability and data services as well as trustworthy runtime.
The comparison shows, that GAIA-X is not as mature as the International Data Spaces (IDS) initiative, but follows the same vision of proliferating data sovereignty and create an ecosystem of trust for data sharing. The IDS initiative and IDS Reference Architecture Model (IDS-RAM) offer various concepts and solutions that contribute to the overall vision of GAIAX and to the concrete GAIA-X architecture demands. On the other hand, GAIA-X provides concepts that include the data storage and cloud-related elements, which can complement the IDS architecture.
The conceptual mapping results in the following high-level relationship:
- The Federated Catalogue comprises the IDS Broker, Vocabulary Provider and Information Model
- The Federation Service of Sovereign Data Exchange stems on IDS Usage Control and Clearing House
- The GAIA-X Federation Service of Identity & Trust benefits from the IDS Identity Provider and Dynamic Attribute Provisioning Service (DAPS)
- GAIA-X Nodes are aligned with IDS Connectors as gateways
- The GAIA-X Data Ecosystem is the place where IDS Data Provider and Data Consumer are conceptually located
- The IDS Service Provider, IDS App Store Provider and App Provider are located in the GAIA-X Infrastructure Ecosystem
About The International Data Spaces Association
The International Data Spaces Association (IDSA) is a coalition of more than 120 member companies that share a vision of a world where all companies self-determine usage rules and realize the full value of their data in secure, trusted, equal partnerships; and we are making that vision a reality.
Our goal is nothing less than a global standard for international data spaces (IDS) and interfaces, as well as fostering the related technologies and business models that will drive the data economy of the future across industries.
GAIA-X is a project for the development of an efficient and competitive, secure and trustworthy federation of data infrastructure and service providers for Europe, which is supported by representatives of business, science and administration from Germany and France, together with other European partners. The name of the project is derived from one of the first Greek deities, Gaia, who arose from chaos and who, in mythology, stands as the personified earth for the woman giving birth. The project was first presented to the general public at the Digital Summit 2019 in Dortmund (Germany) and has been continuously developed since then.
To achieve its goals, the GAIA-X Association AISBL is in foundation as an international non-profit organization based in Belgium to develop a European project, initiated by France and Germany, to create a proposal for the next generation of a data infrastructure for Europe, and foster digital sovereignty of European users of cloud services. It is based on European values of transparency, openness, data protection and security